วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 16 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2555
Religions in ASEAN Counties - ศาสนาของชาวอาเซียนตอนที่ 1
Southeast Asians practice a wide variety of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam. Buddhism is the most popular faith on the mainland, but Islam dominates the southern half of the Malay Peninsula and the archipelago.
Islam began in Arabia and was revealed to humanity by the Prophet Muhammad. It is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers. Those who follow Islam are called Muslims. Muslims believe that there is only one God. The Arabic word for God is Allah.
Islam is the state religion in Malaysia and Brunei . It is the majority religion of Indonesia (90%). It is the dominant religion in Thailand's Deep South and Muslim minorities exist in most Southeast Asian countries. Muslims account for around 40 percent of the Southeast Asian population, or some 220 million people.
Buddhism is a tradition that focuses on personal spiritual development. Buddhists strive for a deep insight into the true nature of life and do not worship gods or deities. There are currently 376 million followers worldwide.
There are around 150 -190 million Buddhists in Southeast Asia, making it the second largest religion in the region, after Islam. The two main Buddhist sects are Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism. Southeast Asian countries with a Theravada Buddhist majority are Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar.
Christianity is the world's biggest religion, with about 2.1 billion followers worldwide. It is based on the teachings of Jesus Christ who lived in the Holy Land 2,000 years ago.
There are only two predominantly Christian countries in SEA: the Philippines and East Timor. About 85% of Filipinos and 90% of Timorese are Roman Catholic.
Hinduism is the religion of the majority of people in India and Nepal. It also exists among significant populations outside of the sub continent and has over 900 million adherents worldwide.Unlike most other religions, Hinduism has no single founder, no single scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings.
There are very few Hindu’s left in SEA today apart from on the island of Bali, Indonesia.
Confucianism is a complex set of beliefs emphasizing harmony, stability, consensus, hierarchy and authority.
Confucian ideas still have a profound effect in Vietnam, Singapore, and among Chinese in cities throughout the region.